Will this theory provide grist for those reactionaries who might wish to defend existing inequalities in opportunities for men and women in society? The nervousness of those readers might not dissipate until they are persuaded that this theory can be used progressively.
Who cares if a cat can catch mice, as long as it is red?
The female brain is predominantly hard-wired for empathy. The male brain is predominantly hard-wired for understanding and building systems.
Empathizing is the drive to identify another person's emotions and thoughts, and to respond to them with an appropriate emotion.
suitable, proper (Concise Oxford English Dictionary, tenth ed., revised).
But in other empathic reactions there is a different, still appropriate, emotional response to someone else's feelings. Perhaps you feel anger (at the system) in response to the homeless person's sadness, or fear (for his safety), or guilt (over your inability to help him): these feelings are based on empathy. Feeling pleasure, or smugness, or hate towards him would not be empathic reactions, since none of these emotions is appropriate to his emotion.
Empathizing is the drive to identify another person's emotions and thoughts, and to respond to them with a morally proper (nice) emotion.
... it is ... the case that indirect aggression (the more female kind) needs better mindreading skills than does direct aggression (the more male kind). This is because its impact is strategic: you hurt person A by saying something negative about them to person B. Indirect aggression also involves deception: the aggressor can deny any malicious intent if challenged.