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Abstracts relating to Lesbian Domestic Violence

© Peter Zohrab

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Here are some abstracts of research papers on Lesbian Domestic Violence.  You need to ask yourself how often Lesbian Domestic Violence has been mentioned by the man-hating Scum-Media, the Man-hating Scum-Police, the Man-hating Scum-Universities, or the Man-hating Scum-Government, including the Man-Hating Scum-Ministry of Women's Affairs, in your experience.  In fact, of course, all these scum either don't even know about Lesbian Domestic Violence -- which shows that they are grossly incompetent -- or they have been deliberately suppressing this knowledge in order to demonise men as being the sole presumed perpetrators of Domestic Violence.

  1. ABSTRACT of Burke, Leslie K. & Follingstad, Diane R., Violence in Lesbian and Gay Relationships: Theory, Prevalence, and Correlational Factors, Clinical Psychology Review, Vol. 19, No. 5, 1999. This article reviews and critiques the existing empirical literature examining interpersonal violence in lesbian and gay relationships. Studies assessing psychological, physical, and nonconsenting sexual forms of violence in intimate, same-sex relationships are reviewed, and their findings are integrated with what is known about partner abuse in heterosexual relationships. Nineteen studies are described and categorized according to the specific questions being addressed. This body of literature suggests that prevalence rates of same-sex partner abuse are high and its correlates show many similarities to those identified in incidents of heterosexual partner abuse. This article addresses the need for substantially increased efforts in this field of study in terms of well-controlled and theory-driven research design. In terms of other implications of this body of literature, the high prevalence rate of partner abuse among lesbian and gay populations needs to be recognized by providers of both physical and mental health services who potentially treat victims, so that they can more accurately identify appropriate interventions. More research is warranted, not only in the general area of lesbian and gay partner abuse, but in examining various treatment modalities and their effectiveness in helping perpetrators to end the cycle of violence.

 

  1. ABSTRACT of Coleman, Vallerie (1994): Lesbian Battering: The Relationship between Personality and the Perpetration of Violence, Violence and Victims, Vol. 9, No. 2,1994. The occurrence of violence in lesbian relationships challenges societal stereotypes of women and traditional, sociopolitical theories of domestic violence. This article proposes that a multidimensional theory of partner abuse, which incorporates an emphasis on individual personality dynamics, is needed to more fully understand the heterogeneity of batterers. The relationship between psychopathology, sociocultural factors, and battering in lesbian relationships is examined and dynamics related to the borderline and narcissistic disorders are highlighted. In order to improve our understanding of domestic violence and provide effective treatment, we must continue to pursue critical thinking and research regarding the role of personality dynamics, and the relationship between these dynamics and other variables.

 

  1. ABSTRACT of Kaschak, Ellyn, Intimate Betrayal: Domestic Violence in Lesbian Relationships, Women & Therapy23.3 (2001):  It has been difficult for many members of the lesbian community and feminists, whether lesbian or not, to accept that there are among us women who batter and abuse other women. Yet, unfortunately, they exist in large enough numbers to require the systematic attention of researchers and therapists alike. The existence of violence in lesbian relationships calls into question some of the most accepted explanations for intimate violence and highlights the necessity for developing models of intervention that are appropriate and effective in the circumstance of a relationship between women, ones that take into consideration both the similarities to and differences from violence in intimate heterosexual and in gay male relationships.

 

  1. ABSTRACT of Waldner-Haugrud, Lisa K, Gratch, Linda Vaden & Magruder, Brian, Victimization and Perpetration Rates of Violence in Gay and Lesbian Relationships: Gender Issues Explored, Violence and Victims12.2 (1997): 173-84. This study explores gender differences in victimization and perpetration experiences of gays and lesbians in intimate relationships. A sample of 283 gays and lesbians reported on their experiences both as victims and perpetrators of gay/lesbian relationship violence by completing a modified version of the Conflict Tactics Scale (Straus, Gelles, & Steinmetz, 1980). General results indicate that 47.5% of lesbians and 29.7% of gays have been victimized by a same-sex partner. Further, lesbians reported an overall perpetration rate of 38% compared to 21.8% for gay men. Other findings were as follows: (1) lesbians were more likely to be classified as victims and perpetrators of violence than gay men; (2) lesbians were more likely to report pushing or being pushed than gay men; (3) lesbians reported experiencing a greater number of different victimization and perpetration tactics than gay men; and finally, (4) when items were weighted to create an indicator of severity, no significant differences between lesbians and gay men were found.

 

  1. ABSTRACT of Ard, Kevin L; Makadon, Harvey J., Addressing Intimate Partner Violence in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Patients, Journal of General Internal Medicine26.8 (Aug 2011): 930-3. The medical community’s efforts to address intimate partner violence (IPV) have often neglected members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) population. Heterosexual women are primarily targeted for IPV screening and intervention despite the similar prevalence of IPV in LGBT individuals and its detrimental health effects. Here, we highlight the burden of IPV in LGBT relationships, discuss how LGBT and heterosexual IPV differ, and outline steps clinicians can take to address IPV in their LGBT patients.

 

  1. ABSTRACT of Seelau, Sheila M. and Eric P. Seelau, Gender-Role Stereotypes and Perceptions of Heterosexual, Gay and Lesbian Domestic Violence, Journal of Family Violence, Vol. 20, No. 6, December 2005 DOI: 10.1007/s10896-005-7798-4: Although domestic violence occurs in all types of relationships, non-prototypical cases (e.g., gay male, lesbian, female-against-male) are often overlooked. We replicated and extended previous research demonstrating that perceptions of heterosexual and same-sex domestic violence are generally consistent with gender-role stereotypes. Male and female undergraduates read one of four domestic abuse cases varying by victim and perpetrator sex and sexual orientation. Victim sex, rather than sexual orientation, was the most potent predictor of responses, although male-againstfemale violence was considered the most serious and deserving of active intervention. Domestic violence perpetrated by men or against women was judged more serious than violence perpetrated by women or against men. Perceptions that male perpetrators were more capable of injuring victims, and female victims were more likely to suffer serious injury were consistent with gender-role stereotypes.

 

  1. ABSTRACT of Ohms, Constance, Perpetrators of Violence and Abuse in Lesbian Partnerships, Liverpool Law Rev (2008) 29:81–97 DOI 10.1007/s10991-008-9032-yScholarship, policy and practice relating to domestic violence have all seen many changes in the recent past. The definition of domestic violence is often wide ranging describing physical violent within an adult (married) couple to the inclusion of intergenerational abuse and violence. As a result of feminist interventions a gender-based approach to domestic violence is now well established. Most research using this model shows that the majority of victims are women and most perpetrators are men. This impacts upon the policies, initiatives and service provision. One consequence is that it fails to explore the possibility of women’s different experiences of domestic violence. The point of departure for this paper is that it fails to take account of domestic violence in lesbian partnerships. Using data generated by way of an annual analysis of counselling cases of generated by a German lesbian specific social services agency and data from focussed interviews with 20 lesbians who have been violent to their lesbian partners this article offers a range of new insights into the nature and experiences of domestic violence in same sex domestic relationships and considers the significance of this data in relation to policing and other modes of intervention to bring that violence to an end.

 

  1. ABSTRACT of Wise, Amy & Bowman, Sharon L, Comparison of Beginning Counselors' Responses to Lesbian vs. Heterosexual Partner Abuse, Violence and Victims12.2 (1997): 127-35.  This study compared responses of masters and doctoral level counseling students to two domestic violence scenarios. Participants read a two paragraph description of a battering incident involving either a heterosexual or lesbian couple and then gave their impressions via a series of open and closed ended questions. Scenarios were identical save the manipulation of sexual partner as same or opposite sex. Experience and/or education with battered and/or gay/lesbian clients is also examined. Results indicated that subjects perceived the heterosexual battering incident as more violent than the lesbian battering incident and would be more likely to charge the male batterer than the female batterer with assault. Differences in treatment recommendations were made according to sexual orientation of the victim. Less than half of the respondents had coursework or practical experience pertaining to domestic violence and/or gay/lesbian concerns.

 

  1. ABSTRACT of Ristock, Janice L, Exploring Dynamics of Abusive Lesbian Relationships: Preliminary Analysis of a Multisite, Qualitative Study1, American Journal of Community Psychology31.3/4 (Jun 2003): 329-41. This paper presents preliminary results from a multisite, qualitative study on violence in lesbian relationships. A framework for conducting community-based, empowerment research that draws on theories of community psychology,feminism, and postmodernism is presented. The study was designed to understand the dynamics of abusive lesbian relationships and social service providers' responses to the abuse. Results from 80 in-depth interviews with lesbians who have experienced relationship violence are examined with a particular focus on a pattern of first relationships being abusive and a theme of shifting power dynamics. Analysis of focus group discussions with 45 feminist service providers (e.g., counselors, shelter workers, social workers, healthcare providers) reveals the difficulties in assessing the power dynamics of abusive same-sex relationships and in developing appropriate responses when relying on heterosexually gendered models developed to address men's violence against women. The preliminary results present implications both for how we theorize and research this form of violence, and for improving the practices and policies of social services that work with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered communities.

 

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